narrow theme of the relationship between the constitutional design. we broke down the issue into three questions. first, how does the constitution distribute power that is executive in nature. second, what are the benefits and problems of such a constitutional design, and third, what might an ideal constitutional design look like? to give each panelist sufficient time, i will vigorously monitor the time limits. we are going to ask each to speak for ten minutes and rather than passing notes, i would announce when one empty is left. because i favor him, i will not cut you off mid-syllable. with that in mind, i turn the floor over to professor levin to begin the discussion.